Integrated monitoring of jellyfish outbreaks under anthropogenic and climatic impacts in the Mediterranean Sea (coastal zones): trophic and socio-economic risks.
Priority 1: Promotion of socio-economic development and enhancement of territories, focusing on innovation and research, creating synergies among potentials of the Mediterranean countries and strengthening strategies of territorial planning.
Topic 3: Integrated Coastal Zone Management.
The Mediterranean coasts are facing increasing jellyfish outbreaks resulting from a wide variety of human activities including maritime transport, exploitation of living resources, and pollution discharges together with the impact of climate change. Jellyfish proliferation represents a growing threat for human and coastal activities (mainly leisure and aquaculture). Every summer, 2 million bathers are affected by jellyfish stings, meaning high cost of basic first aid treatments for the national health services. The situation has worsened in recent years due to the appearance of new dangerous varieties. Against the threat posed by jellyfishes for tourism in the Mediterranean area, MED-JELLYRISK constitutes the first-ever international attempt to assess the socio-economic impacts of jellyfish blooms and implement mitigation countermeasures.
MED-JELLYRISK is the first CBC (Cross-Border Cooperation) project assessing the socio-economic impacts of jellyfish blooms and the implementation of mitigation countermeasures. MED-JELLYRISK addresses an integrated coastal management approach into 10 Marine Coastal Zones (MCZs) in the western and central Mediterranean Sea basins faced with increased jellyfish proliferations. In these areas, jellyfish outbreaks represent a growing threat for humans and coastal activities (including leisure and aquaculture).
The MED-JELLYRISK Consortium includes 5 partner institutes from Italy, Malta, Spain and Tunisia. The Project has a CBC network of experts to develop and apply shared protocols to quantify the environmental and health risks of jellyfish proliferations, developing management guidelines and forthcoming adaptive strategies, policies and regulations, for cooperative integrated coastal zone management (ICZM) in the Mediterranean Sea. Involvement of 31 Associate Partners (Governmental Bodies, Regional Water Agencies, SMEs, Marine Protected Areas, Health Organizations and Hospitals, with responsibilities for MCZs management, from the eastern Mediterranean and North Adriatic Sea ensures a geographical multiplier effect, extending the value of project outcomes beyond the partnership consortium as well as the CBCMED territorial limits.
The strategic objective is the promotion of joint planning methodologies. In particular, the project will promote the implementation of risk assessment, prevention and mitigation of negative impacts resulting from jellyfish proliferations in the 10 MCZs.
The project MED-JELLYRISK is implemented under the ENPI CBC Mediterranean Sea Basin Programme (www.enpicbcmed.eu). Its total budget is 2.6 million Euro and it is financed for an amount of 2,33 million Euro by the European Union through the European Neighbourhood and Partnership Instrument. The ENPI CBC Med Programme aims at reinforcing cooperation between the European Union and partner country regions along the shores of the Mediterranean Sea.